Education Guides: Ages Six-to-Twelve Months
Motor Development Milestones
- Learns to sit up by his/her self for a short period of time (approximately 5 minutes)
- Uses finger and thumb to pick up objects such as pieces of food (pincer grip)
- Begins to hold own bottle
- Pulls self into a crawling position by raising up on arms and drawing knees up beneath
- May accidentally begin scooting backwards when placed on his/her stomach; soon will transition to crawling forward
- Enjoys being held and supported in the standing position; may jump in place
Cognitive Development Milestones
- Uses hand, mouth, and eyes in coordination to explore own body, toys
- Imitates actions such as pat-a-cake, waving bye-bye, and playing peek-a-boo
- Shows some fear or hesitation when placed on a high surface such as a changing table, stairs; depth perception is becoming evident
- Searches for a toy or food that has been completely hidden under cloth; beginning to understand that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen
- Explores objects in many ways, turns them, feels surfaces, bangs & shakes them
- Reaches accurately with either hand
- Plays actively with small toys such as a rattle
- Holds small object in one hand while reaching toward another object
- Inspects objects with hands and eyes simultaneously
- Ten to Twelve Months
- Speech and Language Development
- Babbles or jabbers deliberately to initiate a social interaction
- Shakes head for no
- Looks for a voice when name is called
- Babbles in sentence like sequences; followed later with a language like inflection
- Waves “bye-bye”
- Claps hands together when asked
- Imitates sounds that are similar to those already learned
- Imitates motor noises, tongue clicks etc
- May say “dada” or “mama”
- Enjoys rhyming and simple songs
- Shows interest in vocalizing while listening to music
- Hands toy to an adult when appropriate gestures accompany the request
Social Development Milestones
- Clings to parent or caregiver while resisting separation, exhibits a fear of strangers
- Desires for caregiver to be in constant sight
- Enjoys being near and included in daily activities of caregiver or family members
- Enjoys novel experiences and opportunities to examine and explore new objects
- Begins to assert self be resisting caregiver’s requests
- Offers toys or objects to others
- Becomes attached to a favorite toy or object
- Looks toward and smiles at person calling his/her name
- Repeats behaviors that get attention
- Jabbers continuously
- Can execute simple directions and request
- Understands the meaning of the word or sign for “no”
Day Care Resources
7 Domains of Learning
Personal and Social Development
Children learn to develop healthy relationships with adults and their peers while cultivating a positive personal identity.
Children are taught to channel their natural curiosity to articulate questions and draw conclusions about the world around them.
This discipline focuses on numbers and their relationships, in addition to the geometric concepts that explain spatial awareness.
Language and Literacy
The basis of learning, this domain opens the door of communication through writing and drawing as well as grammar and comprehension.
This sphere examines societal relationships based on social structures and the connections between people and their communities.
An exploration into visual arts, music, dance and theater, this domain celebrates distinctive expression of emotions and ideas.
Physical Development and Health
Children are taught regard for health and nutrition in addition to the benefits of exercise to develop a strong mind and body.