Education Guides

Links to helpful tools, guides, and information from Celebree Learning Centers.

One to Three Months

Motor Development
  • Begins to lift head while lying on stomach
  • Muscle strength and control improving, early movements are large and jerky; gradually become smoother and more purposeful
  • Begins to and then completely relaxes fist, unfolds fingers
  • Waves hands in an open or semi-open position
  • Begins to raise head and upper body on arms when in a prone position
  • Upper body parts are more active: clasps hands above face, waves arms about, reaches for objects
  • May roll from front to back by turning head to one side and allowing trunk to follow; later infant may roll onto his/her side; eventually infant can roll from front to back to side at will
Cognitive Development
  • Begins to fixate on a moving object that is held 12 inches away from face, may track the object as it moves in a horizantal or vertical path, visual tracking gradually becomes more smooth and less segmented
  • Gazes in direction of moving objects after they disappear
  • Does not search for an object if it falls out of reach or a toy that might be hidden by a blanket, “Out of sight, out of mind”
  • Watches hands intently
  • Moves eyes from one object to another
  • Bats or hits at object closest to right or left hand with some degree of accuracy
  • Localizes the source of a sound
  • May attempt to keep toy in motion by repeating arm or leg movements
  • Begins to mouth objects

Four to Six Months

Motor Development
  • Learns to roll from stomach to back with help
  • Learns to roll from back to stomach with help
  • May sit erect when supported
  • Begins to show interest in holding a rattle and can do with some success
  • Reaches for objects with both arms simultaneously; later reaches with one hand
  • Reaches for toys
  • Holds objects
  • Reaches for feet and brings them to mouth
  • Moves toys from hand to hand
  • Begins to stand locking knees and bearing some weight when held and supported
  • Turns head to localized sounds
  • Follows people with eyes and turns head to keep in view
Cognitive Development
  • Uses hand, mouth, and eyes to explore own body, toys, and surroundings
  • Focuses eyes on smaller objects and may reach for them
  • Attracted to bright light and interested in colored objects
  • Indicates a desire to be picked up with some gesture or specific cry
  • Focuses on the action(s) performed by objects such as banging or shaking
  • Turns head towards and locates familiar voices and sounds

Six to Twelve Months

Motor Development
  • Learns to sit up by his/her self for a short period of time (approximately 5 minutes)
  • Uses finger and thumb to pick up objects suchas pieces of food (pincer grip)
  • Begins to hold own bottle
  • Pulls self into a crawling position by raising up on arms and drawing knees up beneath
  • May accidentally begin scooting backwards when placed on his/her stomach; soon will transition to crawling forward
  • Enjoys being held and supported in the standing position; may jump in place
Cognitive Development
  • Uses hand, mouth, and eyes in coordination to explore own body, toys
  • Imitates actions such as pat-a-cake, waving bye-bye, and playing peek-a-boo
  • Shows some fear or hesitation when placed on a high surface sucha as a changing table, stairs; depth perception is becoming evident
  • Searches for a toy or food that has been completely hidden under cloth; beginning to understand that objects continue to exist even when they cannont be seen
  • Explores objects in many ways, turns them, feels surfaces, bangs & shakes them
  • Reaches accurately with either hand
  • Plays actively with small toys such as a rattle
  • Holds small object in one hand while reaching toward another object
  • Inspects objects with hands and eyes simultaneously
  • Ten to Twelve Months
  • Speech and Language Development
  • Babbles or jabbers deliberately to initiate a social interaction
  • Shakes head for no
  • Looks for a voice when name is called
  • Babbles in sentence like sequences; followed later with a language like inflection
  • Waves “bye-bye”
  • Claps hands together when asked
  • Imitates sounds that are similar to those already learned
  • Imitates motor noises, tongue clicks etc
  • May say “dada” or “mama”
  • Enjoys rhyming and simple songs
  • Shows interest in vocalizing while listening to music
  • Hands toy to an adult when appropriate gestures accompany the request
Social Development
  • Clings to parent or caregiver while resisting separation, exhibits a fear of strangers
  • Desires for caregiver to be in constant sight
  • Enjoys being near and included in daily activities of caregiver or family members
  • Enjoys novel experiences and opportunities to examine and explore new objects
  • Begins to assert self be resisting caregiver’s requests
  • Offers toys or objects to others
  • Becomes attached to a favorite toy or object
  • Looks toward and smiles at person calling his/her name
  • Repeats behaviors that get attention
  • Jabbers continuously
  • Can execute simple directions and request
  • Understands the meaning of the word or sign for “no”

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